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 Read, write and delete from registry with C# / Registry / C#

Introduction

I've done a little update, now this class provides six functions:

  • Read to read a registry key.
  • Write to write into a registry key.
  • DeleteKey to delete a registry key.
  • DeleteSubKeyTree to delete a sub key and any child.
  • SubKeyCount to retrieve the count of subkeys at the current key.
  • ValueCount to retrieve the count of values in the key.

and three properties:

  • ShowError to show or hide error messages (default = false).
  • SubKey to set the subkey value (default = "SOFTWARE\\" + Application.ProductName).
  • BaseRegistryKey to set the base registry key value (default = Registry.LocalMachine).

Source code

Importing other namespaces...

using System;
// it's required for reading/writing into the registry:
using Microsoft.Win32;      
// and for the MessageBox function:
using System.Windows.Forms;

Read function

  • input: the key name (string)
  • output: value of the key (string)
public string Read(string KeyName)
{
    // Opening the registry key
    RegistryKey rk = baseRegistryKey ;
    // Open a subKey as read-only
    RegistryKey sk1 = rk.OpenSubKey(subKey);
    // If the RegistrySubKey doesn't exist -> (null)
    if ( sk1 == null )
    {
        return null;
    }
    else
    {
        try 
        {
            // If the RegistryKey exists I get its value
            // or null is returned.
            return (string)sk1.GetValue(KeyName.ToUpper());
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            // AAAAAAAAAAARGH, an error!
            ShowErrorMessage(e, "Reading registry " + KeyName.ToUpper());
            return null;
        }
    }
}

Write function

  • input: the key name (string) and its value (object)
  • output: true if OK or false if error
public bool Write(string KeyName, object Value)
{
    try
    {
        // Setting
        RegistryKey rk = baseRegistryKey ;
        // I have to use CreateSubKey 
        // (create or open it if already exits), 
        // 'cause OpenSubKey open a subKey as read-only
        RegistryKey sk1 = rk.CreateSubKey(subKey);
        // Save the value
        sk1.SetValue(KeyName.ToUpper(), Value);

        return true;
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        // AAAAAAAAAAARGH, an error!
        ShowErrorMessage(e, "Writing registry " + KeyName.ToUpper());
        return false;
    }
}

DeleteKey function

  • input: the key name (string)
  • output: true if OK or false if error
public bool DeleteKey(string KeyName)
{
    try
    {
        // Setting
        RegistryKey rk = baseRegistryKey ;
        RegistryKey sk1 = rk.CreateSubKey(subKey);
        // If the RegistrySubKey doesn't exists -> (true)
        if ( sk1 == null )
            return true;
        else
            sk1.DeleteValue(KeyName);

        return true;
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        // AAAAAAAAAAARGH, an error!
        ShowErrorMessage(e, "Deleting SubKey " + subKey);
        return false;
    }
}

DeleteSubKeyTree function

  • input: void
  • output: true if OK or false if error
public bool DeleteSubKeyTree()
{
    try
    {
        // Setting
        RegistryKey rk = baseRegistryKey ;
        RegistryKey sk1 = rk.OpenSubKey(subKey);
        // If the RegistryKey exists, I delete it
        if ( sk1 != null )
            rk.DeleteSubKeyTree(subKey);

        return true;
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        // AAAAAAAAAAARGH, an error!
        ShowErrorMessage(e, "Deleting SubKey " + subKey);
        return false;
    }
}

SubKeyCount function

  • input: void
  • output: number of subkeys at the current key
public int SubKeyCount()
{
    try
    {
        // Setting
        RegistryKey rk = baseRegistryKey ;
        RegistryKey sk1 = rk.OpenSubKey(subKey);
        // If the RegistryKey exists...
        if ( sk1 != null )
            return sk1.SubKeyCount;
        else
            return 0; 
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        // AAAAAAAAAAARGH, an error!
        ShowErrorMessage(e, "Retriving subkeys of " + subKey);
        return 0;
    }
}

ValueCount function

  • input: void
  • output: number of values in the key
public int ValueCount()
{
    try
    {
        // Setting
        RegistryKey rk = baseRegistryKey ;
        RegistryKey sk1 = rk.OpenSubKey(subKey);
        // If the RegistryKey exists...
        if ( sk1 != null )
            return sk1.ValueCount;
        else
            return 0; 
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        // AAAAAAAAAAARGH, an error!
        ShowErrorMessage(e, "Retriving keys of " + subKey);
        return 0;
    }
}

ShowErrorMessage function

This is a private function to show the error message if the property showError = true.

private void ShowErrorMessage(Exception e, string Title)
{
    if (showError == true)
        MessageBox.Show(e.Message,
                Title
                ,MessageBoxButtons.OK
                ,MessageBoxIcon.Error);
}

Using the code

First of all, you have to import its namespace:

using Utility.ModifyRegistry;

and to instantiate your class:

ModifyRegistry myRegistry = new ModifyRegistry();

The three properties have already their default values. However, you can modify them:

property default value example
ShowError false myRegistry.ShowError = true;
BaseRegistryKey Registry.LocalMachine myRegistry.BaseRegistryKey = Registry.CurrentUser;
SubKey "SOFTWARE\\" + Application.ProductName myRegistry.SubKey = "SOFTWARE\\MYPROGRAM\\MYSUBKEY";

OK, now you can read, write, and delete from your registry.

To read:

myRegistry.Read("MY_KEY");

Note: if MY_KEY doesn't exist, the Read function will return null.

To write:

myRegistry.Write("MY_KEY", "MY_VALUE");

Note: if the SubKey doesn't exist, it will be automatically created.

To delete a single key:

myRegistry.DeleteKey("MY_KEY");

Note: also if the MY_KEY doesn't exist, this function will return TRUE.

To delete the subkey tree:

myRegistry.DeleteSubKeyTree();

Note: this code will delete the SubKey and all its children.

To retrieve the count of subkeys at the current key:

myRegistry.SubKeyCount();

To retrieve the count of values in the key:

myRegistry.ValueCount();

Example

The following code is an example from my in progress RTF file editor program. This code retrieves the "Recent files" list from registry:

[...]
ModifyRegistry myRegistry = new ModifyRegistry();
myRegistry.SubKey = "SOFTWARE\\RTF_SHARP_EDIT\\RECENTFILES";
myRegistry.ShowError = true;
int numberValues = myRegistry.ValueCount();

for (int i = 0; i < numberValues; i++)
{
    arrayRecentFiles[i] = myRegistry.Read(i.ToString());
    [...]

and this code writes the "Recent files" list into registry:

ModifyRegistry myRegistry = new ModifyRegistry();
myRegistry.SubKey = "SOFTWARE\\RTF_SHARP_EDIT\\RECENTFILES";
myRegistry.ShowError = true;
myRegistry.DeleteSubKeyTree();
for (int i = 0; i < 8 ; i++)
{
    if (arrayRecentFiles[i] == null)
        break;
    myRegistry.Write(i.ToString(), arrayRecentFiles[i]);
}

Conclusion

The .NET framework has a lot of functions to read and modify the registry, my class is only a start point. I hope this helps!




Дебетовая карта Home Credit [CPS] RU